Meanwhile, take a look at the video below for Rational Choice theory.. References  Howit, D., (2009), Introduction to forensic and criminal psychology (3 rd ed) Harlow, UK, Pearson Education. It’s Trying to Save Us. People don’t want to be rude or offend the authority. 10. The term civil disobedience refers to the practice of deliberately disrespecting and disobeying laws in order to advance a common cause or a moral principle, or to take drastic actions aimed at changing a particular political setting or a specific legal provision. To deal with this dissonance some people will change their beliefs regarding the beneficence and necessity of a centralized state. Why are so many people drawn to conspiracy theories in times of crisis? We would recommend this store to suit your needs. But some of our moves in the opposite direction of obeying were truly the “right” things to do. It may be tempting to suggest that most people are complicit in tyranny due to fear. We said at the beginning that we could give you 1000 reasons to study Psychology, but there is one that transcends all others – it is a fascinating science and it can open us a whole new stage in our life. However, in other cases obedience can result in the most brutal of outcomes: “. The book mentions Nuremburg of course, the super symbol of dark obedience. Whistleblowers are one well-known form of intelligent disobedience. Under this condition of peer rebellion, only 10% of subjects went on to deliver the high… 8. Like most of our defining characteristics, this need to obey, is in part instinctual. .The only obligation which I have a right to assume is to do at any time what I think right.” (Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience). If your boss looks the other way regularly so employees can cheat on travel expenses, small scale intelligent disobedience saves a little piece of your day-to-day integrity. Survival in a dominance hierarchy requires the ability to make distinctions between rank and recognition of the permitted and forbidden actions based on one’s rank. We then tend to alter our beliefs or reactions to reduce the dissonance. And Chaleff warns us that “the danger lies in teaching obedience too well.”. As the woman who introduced the concept to Chaleff described, “learning not to obey is a higher order of skill.” Maybe that is why we too often fail at it. : http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/19050-the-experiment-requires-that-you-continue-obedience-to-corporate-state-authority-in-an-increasingly-dangerous-consumer-society. In the private sphere, it is normal for people to use their conscience to evaluate the morality of an action, but when it comes to the things demanded of them by their government, unquestioned obedience, with little thought as to the right or wrong of the action, is the norm. As Huemer explains: “Government is an extremely prominent and fundamental feature of the structure of our society. As Huemer explains: “According to [this] widely accepted theory…we experience an uncomfortable state, known as ‘cognitive dissonance’, when we have two or more cognitions that stand in conflict or tension with one another – and particularly when our behavior or other reactions appear to conflict with our self-image. 15 motivations for getting better and 9 reasons to hesitate. Engage the authorities giving the order; help them see how it is not in their true interest to proceed in that direction; offer reasonable alternatives. What this sad fact of history suggests is that humans have a strong tendency to obey those in positions of power. “…if you are an executive, manager, supervisor, officer, minister, teacher, or anyone with others in your care, and you want to create an environment in which individuals hold themselves personally accountable for doing the right thing, you need to understand the underlying, shaping forces working against this in order to transform those forces.”. As conscientious parents we teach our kids to obey authority. List of Cons of Civil Disobedience. Zimbardo’s final thoughts: “(Chaleff’s) book has given me new hope for the prospect of humanity finally learning… overdue lessons.” Chaleff reminds us that we have already institutionalized intelligent disobedience: “Paradoxically, the culture itself can build into its values and practices the preservation of the individual’s freedom against the forces of conformity and obedience it generates… a founding American ideal other cultures admire.”. It differs from compliance (which involves changing your behavior at the request of another person) and conformity (which involves altering your behavior in … Those with the courage to disobey are not only protectors of freedom but, as Erich Fromm suggested, individuals who move a society forward: “Man has continued to evolve by acts of disobedience. . The psychology of disobedience ... Dr. Tuvia Peri is a clinical psychologist and a full professor of psychology at Bar-Ilan University, and a member of the Israel board of Ohr Torah Stone. Erich Fromm’s work – “Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral problem” – lays bare the truth about this problem showing us many examples from history which introduce contrary point of view. People define the behavior that’s expected of them as routine. Obedience can be extremely beneficial in certain circumstances, such as in the relationship between a child and parent, or in the adherence to laws which prevent aggressive actions such as assault, theft, or murder. We should not be surprised, now half a century later, post-Milgram and the Stanford prison studies, about the discouraging aspects of how easily social conditions change our moral stances and our dispositions. As an executive coach and teacher of coaching at Columbia University, I am particularly tuned into day-to-day work environments. It includes a special section on Zimbardo. He's an interesting figure, and I don't quite know what to make of him. This item is very nice product. In the fog of war, our psychology profession fell short of its ideals and the APA and Hoffman are right in reminding us to recommit to them. Gandhi said "Civil disobedience is the inherent right of a citizen to be civil, implies discipline, thought, care, attention and sacrifice". Ask tough, relevant questions about the orders you are receiving. No variation was so effective in getting the real subject to disobey the experimenter. How Psychologists and the APA Colluded in Torture, The Meaning of the APA's Dealing With the Torture Scandal When professional stewards act-out unbearable systemic insecurities, comparisons of Milgram and Zimbardo's experiments, Teaching With Donuts, Multi-Screens, and Love, Peace and Contemporary Resistance: Cédric Herrou, and Us, Obedience, Consumer Culture, and Climate Change, What Edward Snowden Teaches Us about Heroic Disobedience, Psychology Can Explain Why Psychologists Failed Their Ethics. Analyzing the sample’s responses regarding reasons for and against change revealed a variety of motivations. Zimbardo writes: “In our private and public institutions, we see perennial catastrophic results of this failure among adults who should know better, but conform, comply, and obey anyone who conveys a sense of authority.”. As Don Mixon in his book Obedience and Civilization explains: “We may be genuinely puzzled as to how people could obey commands that seem both bloodthirsty and stupid. Zimbardo includes a strong note of hope in his comments, as does Chaleff in this sober but ultimately positive treatment of the question. However, disobedience in the same circumstances does need explaining.” (Don Mixon, Obedience and Civilization). If believers can be brought truly to believe that their God can see into their minds and hearts and to believe that He will punish them severely if He glimpses the slightest disloyalty, they may be persuaded to change their thinking and their feeling and become, internally and externally, more compliant and more obedient. Social psychology may prove useful in tracing a distinction between anti- and pro-social disobedience, highlighting the differences between underlying psychological processes. Disobedience can also be a refusal to follow an instruction or command because of an emotional or moral belief that the command is not proper or just. But his deep roots in CIA and DOD relationships and funding (including his prison experiment) inspire questions about his willingness to stand up to abuse of power vs collaborate with it. The Psychology of Obedience and The Virtue of Disobedience, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), These words, penned by Henry David Thoreau in his great work. Realizing that so much of one’s life is being monitored, the surveillance capabilities of governments, like an all-seeing eye of god, will make thoughts and behaviors favoring compliance and conformity the norm. However, while this is true to a degree, fear alone cannot account for the fact that many people do not recognize or acknowledge the injustice of their own government even when they are living under tyranny. With intelligence comes the ability to review rules, and especially government policies, for yourself. There is another thinker, Ira Chaleff, who sits in the middle of this obedience algorithm, and he has much to share on this topic. action, but when it comes to the things demanded of them by their government, unquestioned obedience, with little thought as to the right or wrong of the action, is the norm. There’s always at least a shred of incorrectness to disobedience, even if it’s committed for all the right reasons. Sigmund Freud recognized this stating that we should “never underestimate the power of the need to obey.” Like most of our defining characteristics, this need to obey, is in part instinctual. Civil disobedience has worked successfully in India, South Africa and in the United States among other countries. These words, penned by Henry David Thoreau in his great work Civil Disobedience, express a sentiment that is all but lost on the majority of people today. 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